What Formal Agreement Officially Established

On 1 September, Ayatollah Ali Khamenei accused the United Arab Emirates of betraying the Islamic world, Arab countries and Palestine. Khamenei said normalization will only be temporary, but the UAE will have to endure forever the shame of the agreement. He accused her of working with Israel and Kushner against the interests of the Muslim world, in the hope that the country would soon return for what he did. [79] Luxembourg Foreign Minister Jean Asselborn, on the other hand, questioned the fact that the agreement would bring stability to the region and said that there would be no stability without a two-state solution and said that the United Arab Emirates had abandoned the Palestinians with the agreement. [122] The State Department then issued a statement on its part in which it stated that it was not critical of the peace agreement, but stressed that it was important for Arab states, especially the Gulf States, to support a Palestinian state in accordance with the two-state solution. [123] On 13 August 2020, uae Foreign Minister Anwar Gargash announced the UNITED Arab Emirates agreement on normalizing relations with Israel and said his country wanted to address the threats to the two-state solution, particularly the annexation of the Palestinian territories, and ask the Palestinians and Israelis to return to the negotiating table. He suggested that he did not think there would be an embassy in Jerusalem until there was a final agreement between the Palestinians and the Israelis. [30] According to US President Donald Trump and Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu, “Israel and the United Arab Emirates will completely normalize diplomatic relations. They will exchange embassies and ambassadors and begin working together in all areas such as tourism, education, health, trade and security. [31] Longtime New York Times columnist Thomas Friedman, who has written for decades on international geopolitics and has been a regular critic of Trump`s policies, hailed the deal as “exactly what Trump said in his tweet: a “huge breakthrough.”” [41] The South African Ministry of International Relations and Cooperation regretted that the agreement was reached without consultation with the Palestinians, although the agreement is linked to their future, and noted that the agreement did not guarantee a permanent suspension of the annexation of parts of the West Bank.

[124] British Prime Minister Boris Johnson hailed the agreement as a path to peace in the Middle East and welcomed the suspension of the annexation of territories in the West Bank. British Foreign Minister Dominic Raab and French Foreign Minister Jean-Yves Le Drian expressed similar sentiments, with the former adding that it was time for direct dialogue between Israelis and Palestinians, while the latter said it created an opportunity to resume talks. [106] France and Germany saw the agreement as the hope of a two-state solution. [34] German Foreign Minister Heiko Maas called Israeli Foreign Minister Gabi Ashkenazi to congratulate him. [107] Prime Minister Imran Khan said on 18 August that Pakistan would never recognize Israel until a Palestinian state was created, no matter what another country did, a statement consistent with the vision of Pakistani founder Muhammad Ali Jinnah.